For the impatient, here is the quick snippet of how backup and restore MySQL database using mysqldump:

backup: # mysqldump -u root -p[root_password] [database_name] > dumpfilename.sql

restore:# mysql -u root -p[root_password] [database_name] < dumpfilename.sql
1. Backup a single database:

This example takes a backup of sugarcrm database and dumps the output to sugarcrm.sql

# mysqldump -u root -ptmppassword sugarcrm > sugarcrm.sql

# mysqldump -u root -p[root_password] [database_name] > dumpfilename.sql

# mysqldump -u root -ptmppassword –databases bugs sugarcrm > bugs_sugarcrm.sql
Verify the bugs_sugarcrm.sql dumpfile contains both the database backup.

# grep -i “Current database:” /tmp/bugs_sugarcrm.sql
— Current Database: `mysql`
— Current Database: `sugarcrm`
3. Backup all the databases:

The following example takes a backup of all the database of the MySQL instance.

# mysqldump -u root -ptmppassword –all-databases > /tmp/all-database.sql

4. Backup a specific table:

In this example, we backup only the accounts_contacts table from sugarcrm database.

# mysqldump -u root -ptmppassword sugarcrm accounts_contacts \
> /tmp/sugarcrm_accounts_contacts.sql
5. Different mysqldump group options:

–opt is a group option, which is same as –add-drop-table, –add-locks, –create-options, –quick, –extended-insert, –lock-tables, –set-charset, and –disable-keys. opt is enabled by default, disable with –skip-opt.
–compact is a group option, which gives less verbose output (useful for debugging). Disables structure comments and header/footer constructs. Enables options –skip-add-drop-table –no-set-names –skip-disable-keys –skip-add-locks
6. Backup a local database and restore to remote server using single command:

This is a sleek option, if you want to keep a read-only database on the remote-server, which is a copy of the master database on local-server. The example below will backup the sugarcrm database on the local-server and restore it as sugarcrm1 database on the remote-server. Please note that you should first create the sugarcrm1 database on the remote-server before executing the following command.

[local-server]# mysqldump -u root -ptmppassword sugarcrm | mysql \
-u root -ptmppassword –host=remote-server -C sugarcrm1
[Note: There are two — (hyphen) in front of host]

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